Gardening by the month

july

Mimosa, Trumpet Creeper, Phlox, Butterfly Weed, Daylily, Red Hot Poker, Sourwood, Crape Myrtle Stewartia, St. John's Wort, Abelia, Peegee Hydrangea, Chaste Tree, Canna, Shasta Daisy and summer annuals.


    Planting this month

  • Plants of brussel sprouts and collards can be set out in mid-July.transplanting pots
  • you can begin your fall vegetable garden this month. Plant beans, carrots and tomatoes in July.
  • Start broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower plants in peat pots to transplant into the vegetable garden in mid-August.
  • Begin repotting overgrown houseplants.
    Pruning

    Begin pruning maple, dogwood, birch and elm this month.

    •Prune the fruiting canes of raspberry and blackberry plants after harvest is over. Cut canes at ground level.
    •Prune off dieback limbs on hybrid rhododendron.
    •Trim hedges as needed. Continue pruning white pines and narrowleaf evergreens like juniper early in the month.
    •Remove faded flowers on crapemyrtle and flowering perennials to encourage a second flowering.
    •Shear red-tip photinia in the last week of July or the first week of August for red foliage through the winter.
    •Pinch your chrysanthemums the first week only!
    •Do not prune spring flowering shrubs now.
seed containersChores for July

  • July is a good month to see if and where your home can use some additional shade trees.
  • Blossom end rot may be seen on tomatoes this month. The causes of this are either too little rain or not enough lime.
  • In dry weather, both your vegetable garden and landscape plants will benefit from a good soaking watering. Slow watering will penetrate the root zone better

    Lawn Mower

    • Remember to change direction when mowing your lawn. Travel north to south on one mowing and east to west
      on the next cutting.
    • Continue feeding your warm season lawn with fertilizer. Do not give tall fescue lawns any fertilizer this month.


  • Fertilizing Shrubs
    Most shrubs respond well to an application of a slow-release fertilizer. Apply according to directions on whatever product you use, distributing it evenly over the entire root area but away from the stem. If your shrubs are healthy, maintaining their vigor, and are at the desired size, omit the fertilizer; you are only increasing your pruning chores.

  • Fertilizing Trees
    If the tree is in good condition, well mulched, or in a natural area, it does not need regular fertilizing. If you fertilize your lawn regularly, you are fertilizing trees in the area also. Drilling holes or using fertilizer stakes is not recommended for homeowners. Newly planted trees may be fertilized for the first few years using 1/2 lb. of 10-10-10 per plant in early spring and again in early summer; a slow-release fertilizer is preferable.

  • Rose Bush Care
    Thin to 3-5 good strong canes and shorten canes to 15". Prune climbers after they flower in early summer.

  • Ornamental Grasses
    Cut back before new growth starts. Mow Liriope (Monkeygrass) to remove last year's unsightly foliage. Ornamental grasses may be divided now.

  • Grapes
    Prune after most cold weather is over, late February/March.

  • Conifers
    such as Pine, Junipers, Fir, Spruce, Yew and Aborvitae will not withstand heavy pruning because most conifers don't carry latent buds below the foliage area and do not readily produce adventitious buds. If a branch is cut back past the foliage area, the rest of the branch will not refoliate. The best time to prune conifers is just after the new growth is completed, usually in late spring or early summer.

  • Established Schrub Care
    like Burford Holly, Clethra,Japanese Holly, Pittosporum, Ligustruma, and similar broad-leaf evergreens can be cut back to 15-24" from the ground in dormant season.

  • Summer-flowering Shrubs
    which bloom on this year's wood, should be pruned before new growth starts. On shrubs, 1/3 of the oldest canes should be cut back to the ground. Summer-flowering Buddleia davidii should have all canes cut to 8-12 " from the ground. Crape myrtle trees may be pruned at this time.


  • Fruit Trees
    The aim of pruning is to keep height down and the tree open for good light and air penetration.