beans



Beans are a popular home garden vegetable and rank second to the Tomato. Bush beans are an upright plant and will stand without support and so are the easiest to grow in the garden. Beans come in two varieties;

•Snap – Snap beans, also called stringless or green beans are what most people grow. Kentucky Wonder, Blue Lake, Kentucky Blue are three examples.snap beans.

snap beans

•Dry or Shell – The beans in this category dry in their pods and can be harvested and stored for cooking at a later time. This type must be shelled, then refrigerated, frozen or allowed to dry, depending on the bean type. Pintos, cowpeas, black-eyed peas are a few examples.

shell beans

shell beans Sow in average soil in a sunny location after danger of frost and soil has warmed, from spring to midsummer. For bush beans, sow in rows 18-30" apart, sow seeds 3" apart and cover with 2" of fine soil. Firm lightly. Seedlings emerge in 7-14 days. For bush beans keep sowing bean seeds every 2 weeks for a constant supply of delicious beans. Lima beans require warmer soil and air temperatures than snap beans to germinate. For pole beans, sow seeds 2" deep and 3" apart in a row along a trellis, netting or fence. Or set poles solidly into ground 2-3' apart and sow 6-8 beans 2" deep around each pole. Beans can be harvested in around 60-75 days. Pick beans often to keep plants productive.

Snap beans: Harvest once the pods begin to swell which is the sign of the best flavor. (source Burpee.com)

Pests & Problems

Aphids

Small Insects found on new stems and the underside of the leaf. They suck fluids from the plant leaving a honey dew substance behind. Leaves turn pale yellow.

Cutworms

Cuts off young plant just above the soil; no other damage apparent.

Mexican Bean Beetle

Eats the surface at the leaf blade leaving leaf veins. Larvae and egg clusters on underside of leaf Spider Mites, Smaller than a pinhead appear to be black, red, or green spots that move when placed on a white sheet of paper

Powdery Mildew

characterized by spots that are slightly darkened, about 10 mm in diameter, and develop on the upper surfaces of leaves. These areas become covered by a circular growth of white, superficial, powdery mycelium which may spread on the entire leaf and plant causing the plant to become distorted and yellow. Don't forget about Rabbits and other rodents who love to munch on Beans.